Second Chance Wildlife Inc.Bear Rehabilitation, Research & Release.


Check out my youtube channel: Bear cub & yearling care ,developmental behavioral patterns including torpor..

The Bear Facts

Thanks to all whom have donated!


"BRAVE CUB" 2014 Cub of the year :o)




(Not Run /Or Operated By The Government)
 I,Dawn L. Brown have been a Maine licensed wildlife rehabilitator since 1997: My wildlife rehabilitation permit was acquired through: The Maine Department of Inland Fisheries & Wildlife.I am the Founder,President & executive director and primary caretaker,and run Second Chance Wildlife Inc.Private Facility on my Land & My husbands.  I feel very blessed having the opportunity to observe and document Bear cub development & behavior over the years,and  to  have 5 acres of natural habitat thus far for "my bears" Yes I call them my bears. I will continue to learn ,as well as others who are inspired by this amazing species. I absolutely love talking about bears and being asked questions.
My Email Is: dawnlindabrown@earthlink.net & Home Phone 207.778.7902   
(I will no longer be rehabilitating other species.My time and effort will be strictly focused on rehabilitating bear cubs,and yearlings and documenting their behavior and development while in my care on my property)


Brave & Freedom foraging,and resting...
I have been documenting repetitive natural foraging skills+other cub instinc behavior patterns






Photo Zone :o)


Official PayPal SealPLEASE DONATE IF YOU CAN!:o)
To mail a donation send to:
Dawn L. Brown
Second Chance Wildlife, Inc.
90 Mountain Road
New Sharon Maine 04955
Phone: 207-778-2902   Email: dawnlindabrown@earthlink.net

UPDATE: Hi Everyone, My interenet provider: hciwireless - will no longer be carrying email service after the New Year - So I now have another email - It Is: dawnlindabrown@earthlink.net 

11-3-14 Brave & Freedom Torpor setting In!

April 5,2014 Brave cub arrived weighing 6 lbs.
How she has developed.She has been foraging on acorns balacing on oak limbs, up in the canopy :o)



12-15-13 Survivor active in morning-ate snow...
11-27-13 It was 31 degrees/ wind-chill


Repedative behavior...Looking back at just a tiny bit of past bear cub data/Notes ; that  I had observed during torpor..©Dawn L. Brown - bear observations - research data“Survivor” “Forest” “Spruce” Torpor setting in... They continue to show similar traits, attributes as other bears; that I have had during this seasonal time frame. I just took this pick early this a.m. 11-27-13 It was 31 degrees/ wind-chill same=warmer than yesterday, another dusting of light snow/ice covered landscape. As the morning went on ;heavy rain arrived, with southeast winds-They were sound asleep at the base of the oak on the South side, curled-up in their beautiful nest den; that they have been working on; they made it even bigger since yesterday. One bear; I believe it to be Forest, had raised his head and sniffed the air, and then quickly the other 2 ,and they immediately got startled and treed. I hope it was not because I was taping/video recording, I was zooming in, and too very quiet, but bears even when torpor are still are alert, and will be on guard. I quickly left, and do not believe they knew I was even there, but I will post some video soon. I am very happy with the way they are behaving, and how they are using their natural instinctive behavior; they are amazing...I feel so blessed :o)

Brave & Freedom Torpor setting In

Brave & Freedom Torpor setting In

"BRAVE CUB" 2014 Cub of the year :o)

The deer flies, mosquitos were bothering Freedom!
She was diging for roots just prior to this photo I took :o)

"BRAVE CUB" 2014 Cub of the year :o)

"BRAVE CUB" 2014 Cub of the year :o)

Freedom arrived on:6-3-14 her weight 6-5-14=12lbs
Brave & Freedom are developing & behaving simular to prior cubs I have observed over the years !

Update: Live stream video will be down - during severe thunder, and lightning storms - untill I find a remity.., though I have had  safeguards in place - I lost a dvr , and cams more than once. Though having power surge protectors, ground.. Lightning can indeed cause issues. I know, and if you ask anyone else whom has security/monitor cams, they too will probably say the same.. I HAD ORDERED A NEW DVR AND MORE CAMS ,AND THEY ARE IN! Hopefully bonding the cams during lightning season will prevent  additional problems = run copper line from connectors = camera to camera-being all connected, and to a ground, and /or grounds -thus hopefully preventing them from getting fried. It may take a bit to get everything up ,and running, and I am just going to have to be extra cautionary=the cams may not be running 24/7 during thunder storm season.. I too was told by an electrician; that even with all safeguards in place - lightning could still potentially cause damage. 

2014 Annual Report filed











2014 update : I have filed-The 2013 990N e-postcard,and  I will be making some changes within the bylaws.

I had gone from 4 bottle feedings. to 3,to 2..
On 3-27-13 (weights=1 female 2lbs,1 male 2-1/2 lbs,1 male 2-1/2 lbs)

2013 The cubs are growing...photo ęDawn L. Brown
They will be staying In rehabilitation for a while..

ASSESSING THE SUCCESSFUL REINTRODUCTION OF REHABILITATED BEARS $5,836.00 Check issued 1-28-11/ monies are generated from lottery tickets, and nothing is taken from the general fund=no tax dollars from the people, but none the less it was a State check / Outdoor Heritage Fund awarded $5,826/2 satellite collars To: SECOND CHANCE WILDLIFE, INC. DAWN L. BROWN I appreciated the grant. Take Note Though: I will no longer accept any grant monies - because sometimes to many influences get involved. Most of the monies by far; that I have received thus far in donations-has now come from private donors, and that is exactly what I want = No Ties to government/State and or/ federal, unions , or special interest-funding/monies. I sent the IRS a certified letter on August 29,2014,and they received it on :9-2-14 I have not gained a response yet = months have gone by. I am In hope that they will comply/or should I say; that Indeed would be a wise decision on their part.

3-1-13 (4) cubs of the year arrived
All cubs I received from biologist in 2013 went in with surrogate sows
"Survivor" "Forest" "Spruce" given a second chance
3-27-13 /3 tiny cubs arrived ; I appreciate that the logger & Game Wardens had contacted me

Me with some past little cub arrivals

About Us: Me: Dawn L. Brown My husband: Michael R. Brown

My husband Michael & I; out in our back woods.
Up on the Mountain on our land
Me ,my Husband & our Tracker pup

We welcome Rick Libbey "Mooseman"to SCWI board; He visits 2/3 times a year and takes some photos of my cubs ,and donates 20% from the sales.(There Is one photo in his album ; That I had taken Pg. 2 - 6th photo across)




I will do slide show presentations for those who would like to learn more about bears; I hope to educate others so that they will better understand the truths,and the myths about bears.If libraries,
Parks, Conservation Groups, Home Schooling  groups, Public Schools, Universities, Private Schools, Charter Schools, Schools of Faith, Churches, The Scouts, and any others whom are interested In learning about bear cub rehabilitation, development, and behavior, and bear conservation; I will gladly try to schedule a time frame that works. I do work for a living but I will do the best I can.

Immediate care 3 Male cubs arrived 5-29-12
Weights: 5lbs,6 1/2lbs,7 lbs ( Cubs are doing well :o)
2012 bear cub rehabilitation
3-20-12 (8/9 week old cubs)
2012 autumn;the cubs are doing well :o)

I am pretty sure this Is "Spruce" Typically I go through video to be 100% sure

2013 more suppliments...
Immediate care suppliments are costly..









 (5) UNDERWEIGHT BEAR CUBS ARRIVED;Were tagged,weighed,measured on 1-8-13;They all gained weight-3 are very chub cubs,and 2 smaller but gaining..:o)  
(10-31-12 (1) male cub weighing 11½ lbs) (11-1-12 (1) male cub weighing 12 lbs) (11-19-12 (1) female cub weighing 16lbs)(11-21-12 (1) moose calf/cow underweight)(11-25-12 (1) male bear cub weighing 14 lbs) (12-21-12 (1)Female bear cub weighing 16lbs 
I am very happy to say that they seem to be doing well! One day at a time...I will update more Information soon...
2012 Total = (14 bear cubs (2) were soft released,and (2) that are almost yearlings are denning out in the woods/wild,(5) are in the smaller bear pen,and arrived late,and another one  just arrived December 21st;they were underweight and needed care.(5 bears are in the den box sleeping torpor) (2013(4) cubs arrived and surrogate sows were found for the cubs.I will only rehabilitate,and observe bears now.I will no longer rehabilitate cervids .Update:10-24-13 The deer have been released for over 2 months, they have been seen from time to time , and do not seem to skittish at all (1) In particular  ,but on a good note; they have been able to survive thus far out here on the Mtn. = I have seen them over 2 miles away out in the woods. ,and too they will show up in our yard under the apple trees, and out in the yard where we have imperial white tail clover growing - some other folks have seen the deer ,but the deer have not caused any issues as of yet; I tell folks to just ignore them, and they will eventually disperse. They seem to making a circle and using patterns/trails that are used by wild deer, and I a can only hope; that they will hook up, and stay with the wild deer, once yarding takes place, later in the season-I do not know what there fate will be, and I can only hope that they will make it through deer season, and stay out of trouble-I prefer to not put them back captivity ;because I believe it not necessary and would not be fare to the deer-It Is out my hands now- I rehabilitated these deer as a favor; having the area, and  they were bottle fed and raised by others during the early stages of development, but take note I certainly am not putting blame on anyone; because rehabilitation is not easy, and it is not a complete failure-for there are coyotes and bears around here and amazingly; they have been able to survive=they must be able to sense something/or another.   
My focus Is with bears, and that is all I will be rehabilitating, and I am starting to gain very positive results=they are often collard once released to the wild, and long term data is gathered ;thus enabling me to evaluate my rehabilitation methods, and if they are successful. It Is Time that has given me answers to these  questions. 
My vet had to suture this injured bear cub.
Cub wounded warrior has healed and is doing great!
2012 bear cub rehabilitation
7 bear cubs in 3 acre facility(7-16-12=6 month old cubs just being bears:o)
23 lb Small bear yearling/ approximately 16 moths old
6-15-10 coplin in 3 acre pen foraging

I have received 40 bears over the year thus far in need of rehabilitation.To learn more go to this link.

Six bear cubs in the 3 acre pen:o) 2011
Cubs resting in an Oak tree:Bear habitat "Bear cub rehabilitation"
Bur cub in smaller bear pen
exhibiting wild cub behavior
Some supplement feeding can be necessary
Puppy chow,esbilac,fast balance-G.I.,bene-bac,and it is also foraging too!
7-25-10 Bur cub way up in oak tree (3 acre pen)

Second Chance Wildlife,Inc. Store! "BEAR ESSENTIALS"

Oxbow was released August 2011 at age 7 months
6-24-12 satillite reading;This bear has given insight on cub release!Living life as a wild bear!

Satillite collars granted to SCWI from MOHF.
Sundance & Brother just being wild bears.I am also able to check their local;latest reading 6-24-12

I have noticed over the years from placing bear cubs in a natural habitat that they have indeed had an opportunity to use their natural bear skills,and instincts, that they seem to visibly already have in place from the get go;the cubs simply needed an opportunity of being exposed to an environment that is similar to what bears in the wild have.The bear facilities give the orphaned cubs protection,and I truly believe that the mother sow intent is to protect the cubs rather than teach them.I am not saying that they may not learn from her at all ,but as I state documented  facts=thus being ; I have never had to teach the cubs how to climb trees,swim,or forage; they did this all on their own.Once bear cubs are placed in the 3 acre natural habitat rehabilitation facility;they are being exsposed to what bears need most;bear habitat, so that they can explore, and indeed use the skills, that they already have in place;they enhance their skills naturally.ALLOWING BEARS TO BE BEARS IS THE KEY:o)

"Bur Cub" 8-15-10 in a beech tree at SCWI
8-16-10 Bur was released with a satellite collar,ear tagged,weight 44lbs.

Bur cub's winter den check on 1-10-11 (Downeast)
Weight 30 lbs

10cc fast balance GI 3x daily
Bur was in the: DownEast Study

2011 bear den study yearling report (100% Female Yearling Survival (17/17) Males, 15/26 (58%))

6-6-10 (7lb 4oz male cub)
Dawn with the new arrival "BUR" the bear cub.


Rain=cubs & yearling bears going up in trees
Cub Lubec

6-12-09 Lubec cub arrived weighing 10 lbs
He was release 10-16-09 and did well living in the wild:o)

Blackberry Bushes thick in the smaller bear pen
Cub Lubec liked the thick cover the pen provided

Keeping wild animals in need of rehabilitation WILD! Time gives experience,and teaches much on what to do ,and what not to do. Understanding wild animal behavior allows an animal to have human avoidance behavior (Take note:giving them space,leaves them not wanting anything to do with you=(avoidance),and in turn makes it aware to them that you want nothing to do with them either=keeping them wild.Though some wildlife rehabilitators may have a bit different view on this issue than I...to me, it is what seems to be working best over the long haul of experience.(I keep records,and believe it is critical to understanding what may be in the best interest of the animal.After the rehabilitation process,it is helpful when animals can be monitored collard,ear tagged,tattooed by biologist so we know what is working & what is not.


"Coplin" way up in the tree! 3 acre pen 5-18-10
He is doing well=using his skills in the large enclosure,he forages & is still getting supplements.

23 lb yearling arrived 5-11-10 in need of care
Smaller bear pen

Coplin was ear tagged & tattooed
released 6-17-10
The little male yearling bear named "Coplin" went into the 3 acre pen on 5-17-10

The 23 lb yearling was very lethargic for the first couple days. I have been feeding out supplements to help the little one along.I guess it  was quite an event for this little bear.He was located up in Rangeley/coplin plantation-John Cochese had called Game warden Reggie Hammond ,and had told him the bear was hanging around for a few days on his porch,and in his barn,and that it seemed hungry.There was quite a bit of food that this bear was getting into.The little bear had been caught eventually with a catch pole;that being a bit  of a process in itself,we were told.The little bear had been in the carrier for a while,and then on the road traveling too..by the time we had gone to pick him up in Farmington,the little bear seemed very tired,and under stress.The supplements I have been administering have turned him around completely within a few days. I have been monitoring  behavior, and health frequently, making sure everything is okay ;to the best of my ability=whenever we are not at work.I think the peacefulness,and the quiet where we are located has helped the little yearling relax, and heal too.Now that the Little bear "Coplin" seems to be  feeling so much better, we had moved him into the 3 acre pen on 5-17-10 ; so he can just be a bear! This little bear will be released once showing a bit of growth, while also gaining more strength;the 3 acre pen will help greatly with this process! 

Correspondence from biologist Randy Cross:Most bears that weigh over 20 lbs in the den do survive, by the skin of their teeth maybe, but they usually do make it. 40-50 lbs is closer to the average we've been seeing in recent years. Weight is only a relative measure of body condition - a 25 lber can be a little butterball or a skinny bear. This one appears to be more the latter.6-17-10 Coplin the bear was released back to the wild.He took off into the woods, and disappeared.There were lots of wild strawberries around; everywhere we had looked.On 5-11-10 Coplin weighed 23 lbs on arrival.On 6-17-10 Coplin weighed 48 lbs when released.

"Visit The Photo Zone too"


Biologist James Hall said the Bear cub was around a residence for about two weeks, no sign of the mother.He said the Cub was feeding in a commercial compost pile and was curled up on the individuals porch and stayed around the house for the entire period.He said the owner called an ADC agent and was concerned about the cub and wanted to know if he caught it would someone take care of it.He also added that the Cub was very tame, could walk right up to it.  Not aggressive at all, owner borrowed a catch pole, and enticed the cub with food & the cub came right over .No reported car/bear accidents or known shootings.  There are active blueberry fields nearby with bee hives, female could have been shot? The bear was picked up on the Dixie Road in South Lubec. Agent who picked up the cub was Dayrl  McCurdy.

-I would like to say thanks to Biologist Tom Schaffer who had first called about the little cub,James Hall,Daryl McCurdy, and all the other folks involved with wanting to help this little bear cub. 

This cub is still elusive even in the smaller pen,the only reason I am even able to get a photo is because it hides in the log whenever it hears something; I am able to take a quick photo at the entrance of the log.Just recently when there was a break in the weather,and while also outgrowing the hollow log; cub lubec is foraging, and resting in the blackberry patch. When the little cub goes into the large facility It will more difficult to monnitor its behavior, health...for it hides so much of the time.(Need more monitor cameras) If there was more than one cub in rehabilitation at this time, odds are they would be in the larger pen because I believe there would probably be a bit more visible cub activity.I am going to give this cub just a bit longer before the big move into the large pen, by also preventing any worries of any possible escape i,e, I have had very young cubs in the large pen prior, but they were raised from neonates and were larger than cubs in the wild (Biologist Randy Cross said Maine Cubs in the wild in June can weigh anywhere from 12 lbs to 17 lbs.) Cubs I  had started in rehab from neonates had weighed in the month of June were 36 lbs & 38 lbs big difference! These cubs were in the larger pen at a much younger age,as you will see if you view the website-these same cubs in the month of March weighed 13 lbs.      

A Note To The General Public:Bears will end up in your yard, near your home, or if you are camping; bears could possibly show up at your campsite:DO NOT FEED THE BEARS! Bear rehabilitation carries out a process of some supplemental feeding that may be necessary to help bear cubs,and/or yearlings that may be malnourished,and also when cubs may become orphaned,and may need just a bit of a boost in the beginning to help grow and develop properly. Here at Second Chance Wildlife a large % of a bears diet consist of what they would consume in the WILD! Keeping bears wild,and preventing conflicts between bears and people is crucial.If the general public ever comes across a wild animal that they feel may be in need of help/immediate care;do not go near it ! Call a Wildlife biologist and/or Game warden, Animal control officer, or a licenced Wildlife Rehabilitator who specializes in bears to help assess the situation, and make sure the animal is in need of care to begin with."If You Care Leave Them There" This little cub was in need of rehabilitation for it is believed to have been orphaned,little cub is doing very well! He goes into the hollow log, and hides when I go to feed him some supplements that are needed at this time.This cub is also forging in the smaller of the two pens, and has dug at the logs diligently,it also has made a couple day beds,and has runways through the blackberry bushes, this cub seems to have good cub behavior-the pen is thick with blackberry bushes,dandelion greens,grasses, small trees/logs... giving the little cub great cover.The cub just needs to do a bit of growing (Supplemental feeding consist of e.g. esbilac milk formula,puppy chow in a dish,fruit, while also foraging on greens,larvae....) bear cubs in the wild are weaned at approximately 5 months age from the mother sow.In rehabilitation I work on weaning cubs much earlier from the bottle.This little cub seems pretty content and docile while in the natural environment that is helping that exposes the cub to use its skills that are in place.It would be a bit better if there was another cub for "lubec" to be with; while in rehabilitation,but I am happy to say ;that little growing Lubec seems to have  good cub skills for being a single cub. I hope to be able to have the cub go into the 3 acre bear pen soon;then it will have the opportunity to climb tall trees,swim,forage on a variety of natural feed;letting me have an oppertunity to monitor the cubs potential skills,and behavior prior to release.On rainy days Cub Lubec has been in his log for the most part -the rainy weather has put a damper on him exploring...rain ,rain go away and come back another day!!! I have noticed that the cub has been dragging grasses into the log;making it a bit more comfortable,while adding more camouflage at the entrance of the hollow log.(good behavior).When the rain subsides you can see where the cub's activity is visible throughout the pen.(little cub territory) Take Note:As time went on  Lubec grew and developed amazingly well for being a single cub In rehab=he never seemed lonely, and too had kept his wild instinctive behavior.Lubec contributed very Good data during rehab and after being released to the wild at 9 months age=he had proved that he could successfully den up on his own, and wake up in the Spring, and do fine throughout the Summer into autumn= This rehabilitation process had worked well for this particular cub being released at 9 months age.     

Cub has been scratching at loggs!
You can see where the cub made a day bed when not raining!


2006 Ice & Frosty
Clibmbing oak tree Take Note:No leaves on trees/cubs are approximatltly 12/14 weeks age

 5 acres now fenced In.My Bear rehabilitation/temporary sanctuary for bears.This facility gives bears an opportunity to just be bears; while also preparing them  to return to the wild ! Having a chance to monitor bear behavior has  been rewarding -the learning never ends.


Lubec in 3 acre pen photo 10-11-09
Released into the wild on 10-16-09
2006 Ice & Frosty In rehab
12 + weeks age (cubs can swim very young -pure Instinktive Behavior)
I have seen some of my data on another site on the web;being used without my permission.I advise other sites to delete it /or ask my permission
-Dawn L. Brown (I have been able to resolve this issue,after several correspondences= they did remove my data from their site,and I certainly appreciate them indeed making the correct decision )  photos,and Data, I have gathered over time, that is posted on my website, youtube channel,and fb page, and also data I gather from my live streaming/monitor  - Is not to be used without my permission © Dawn L. Brown   
No one can take credits for my data-It Is against the law.
BEAR CUB CARE: © Dawn L. Brown   
The cubs in my beautiful three acre pen,now have 2 more acres = 5 acres:o)  I must say that all the cubs I have observed over the years have had many abilities at a very young age; I document everything I witness . The cubs  were climbing trees, walking in the snow, and swimming, at a bit over three months of age,and ironically Ice & Frosty from 2006 once placed in an environment with trees & water had seemed to have development a bit faster physically with their skills; to swim,and climb trees, compared to even bear cubs that I have received at:4-5 months of age, that had been orphaned after had been out of their den with their mother sow=bear cubs in the wild may not disburse from their den In the Northern parts of the State; as late as the later part of April,and even into early May.though Ice & Frosty were attached/dependant to me, from having been raised from neonates,they too were exposed to the natural elements at an earlier age, thus proving they indeed have great skills/natural instinks in place when exposed to a natural Invironment.The biggest Task with neonates, for me has indeed been trying to figure out how to have them be instinctively wild mentally , not just physically= I noticed that by exposing the cubs to the wild elements at a very young age that they have unbelievable capabilities,and natural instincts in place! I too noticed that from having them from a neonatal stage, and having had to bottle feed every 2-4 hrs, in the beginning of their development; my presence made them feel secure and safe, but as far as them learning skills once they were exposed to the natural habitat enclosure; I was then more of an observer than a teacher. The cubs did not need me to teach them how to swim, climb trees, or forage. Were the cubs a bit scared when they were 50-60 feet up in a tree ? Yes! But they got down on their own without any help, and soon had no fear what-so-ever. As cubs I exposed them to a variety of natural foods. I ground acorns and hazelnuts, berries, larvae, and greens and mixed it in their formula. Not sure if this helped them to forage or not. I believe it would come naturally to them. Update: I know now over the years of experience that it Is pure instinctive behavior! I  continue to learn from this incredible species. In the wild, when cubs are with mother sow the biggest thing she does is protect and teach them to be cautious. A huge part of survival! In rehabilitation, cubs are not experiencing the same "dangers" that they would while in the wild with mother. Their innate survival skills are developed within the large natural enclosure. I have seen the cubs get startled and go way up in a tree (this is great human avoidance behavior). Some cubs are better at this than others. All have unique "animalities".Over time I will learn the most beneficial time to release bears (i.e., cubs or yearlings during active season or den season) Bears at Second ChanceWildlife, Inc. is to be reckoned for having one of the best natural habitat; bear rehabilitation facilities in the Country ,and the # goal is to have bears be returned to the wild,just being bears,and living their lives similar to other bears within the population:o)  
Cubs like Lubec that had been with the mother sow for a period of time i.e.,4+ months;he had held onto very wild traits/instincts, making an earlier release very promising for him (late summer? ,but fall/autumn release worked well) 
  • Very young neonatal cubs in rehab;I believe from experience should either go into a den  with a surrogate sow/ if the option is available, or be released into a pre-made winter den/or den box the following year,or be released at 16 months typical dispersement  from the mother sow in the wild.The reasoning for a later release? is because I have come to the conclusion that  if a bear sow cannot be found for surrogation the neonates ,then the  next best option is for neonatal cubs to stay in rehabilitation longer, so that they can  actually mature mentally,and develop their natural skills within the 3 acre bear natural habitat enclosure.Neonatal cub rehabilitation is difficult from the get-go ,and such young cubs can be imprinted; I/Dawn L. Brown continuously observe and document stages of development whenever the opportunity arises,and  too look at every option that is accessible to prevent them from becoming habituated to humans.Bear cubs such as  Lubec arriving at approximately 4 months, can do very well being released at  a younger age; because he had spent a bit of time with his mother in the wild too after exiting the den;this allowing him to gain complete human avoidance,and being very wild from the beginning.Take Note: Though he only weighed 10 lbs on arrival he was exposed to a complete natural environment.My goal is to duplicate this as much as feasibly can be done while cubs are in rehabilitation under my care. 
  • Positive outlook for neonatal cubs, and/or bottle babies :As neonatal cubs once weaned have an opportunity to develop  in a 5 acre natural environment now; they can eventually develop mentally,and physically similar to bear cubs  in the wild; being given the oppertunity to exibit their skills/instictive behavior,and they will be released back to the wild successfully i.e.,yearling "Ice" and many others; having been eleased  into a winter den the following year has proved to be very effective,and had created a successful release; by her spending time out in the wild prior to waking, seems to have been a + too :o)     


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